Free Consultation

NY DWI Lawyer - FAQ's

Every criminal defendant needs an attorney. Innocent people do end up in jail, and the best way to prevent such a miscarriage of justice is to hire a criminal defense lawyer. Your lawyer will work throughout the criminal justice process to ensure that your rights are protected and that the truth prevails.

Even if you know you are guilty, there are still options. For example, you may be able to make a deal with the prosecutor to plead guilty to a lesser charge (a plea bargain) in exchange for a lighter sentence. While you could try to negotiate for yourself, it can be very difficult to do so without a thorough knowledge of the law and experience in the practical realities. Criminal defense attorneys are likelier than you are to know what constitutes a good deal, and they also know how to protect your constitutional rights.
The prosecutor is a lawyer who represents the government that is charging you with a crime. The police are, in this situation, investigators for the government. Prosecutors are responsible for making the decision whether to charge someone with a crime. They also present the government's case at trial. Prosecutors may be called city attorneys, county attorneys, state's attorneys or district attorneys.
The first thing the prosecutor looks for is a legally sound case. Sometimes, cases have legal problems that could get them thrown out of court. For example, if the police violated the defendant's constitutional rights while seeking evidence, that evidence would be inadmissible. Next, the prosecutor decides if there is enough evidence to make a conviction probable. If the evidence is not very convincing, it would not be worth the time and expense of a trial. The prosecutor also considers other factors in deciding whether to press charges. The prosecutor's office has limited resources and typically must choose to focus on some crimes and not others. The "war on drugs" might convince prosecutors to concentrate more on drug crimes. A criminal case is between the government and the accused-not between the victim and the accused. Therefore, prosecutors are under no obligation to go along with a victim's wishes in pressing or dropping criminal charges. However, most prosecutors do take the victim's opinions into account.
A grand jury is a group of people called together by a prosecutor to investigate a crime. They do this by listening to testimony, by examining documents, and considering other evidence. The prosecutor both acts as the grand jury's legal advisor and presents all of the evidence. No judge is present. Unlike a trial jury, a grand jury only considers evidence from the prosecutor's point of view. If you are being investigated by a grand jury, you should have a defense lawyer. The only purpose of the grand jury is to decide whether there is enough evidence to press charges. This is called "indictment." When a grand jury votes to indict someone, the defendant has only been charged with a crime, not found guilty.
In many jurisdictions, attempting to commit a crime is a crime in itself. The purpose of this is to punish people who show themselves inclined to commit crimes-without having to wait until they actually succeed. In order to convict a person for an attempted crime, the prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt not only that the person intended to commit the crime, but also that he or she took a step beyond mere planning or preparation and actually began to commit the crime.
Restitution, in the context of criminal law, is when a judge orders a person who has been convicted of a crime to pay their victim money in order to help "make up" for the crime.

Additionally, police officers ordinarily cite smell of alcohol on the breath as proof of the suspects intoxication. Any chemist knows that alcohol (ethanol) has no odor. What causes the smell of alcohol are the other agents in the beverage. Drinking non-alcoholic beer will give the breath the odor that many officers will claim is the smell of alcohol. All that the odor of alcohol on the breath can indicate is that the suspect probably consumed some alcohol recently. It does not confirm that ones blood alcohol content (BAC) is greater than .08% level required to demonstrate legal intoxication.
"White collar crime" is a term historically used to describe crimes committed by members of the upper classes in the course of their professions. Today, the most common definition of "white collar crime" is based on the type of conduct involved, not the social status of the offender. Typically, these crimes involve deceit or concealment to obtain property, services, or business advantage. For example, securities fraud, corporate tax evasion, and embezzlement are all considered "white collar crimes."

LAtest News

Defense in NY case calls drug site search illegal

Lawyers for a man charged with operating an online marketplace for illegal drugs are asking a judge to toss out most of the evidence against him, saying the constitutional protects their client from "indiscriminate rummaging" through his entire online history.


  • "Jonathan, I wanted to thank you for defending my marijuana arrest. You always made me feel at ease when I was in court with you. That was nice, because before I got to court I was sweating bullets!" Bill L.

  • "Jonathan, thanks for keeping me out of jail. I'm actually looking forward this time to participating in rehab and addressing my addiction. My shoplifting days are over!" Michelle G

  • "Hi Jonathan, I wanted to thank you again for defending my case so well. You are really good at what you do. Hopefully I never need a defense lawyer again. If I do, I know who to call." Brock B

Areas Served

Below, are the areas we service the most.
New York, NY
Bronx, NY
Brooklyn, NY
Queens, NY
Staten Island, NY
Nassau, NY
Suffolk, NY
Queens County Bar Association